After Upon a time there was now, right today. The last was written by many viewpoints but the future remains blank and right now is the action of writing. Narrative therapy is a form of therapy that uses the narrative or story of the way of looking at our life scenarios. We look for that crack in the lens that tells an alternate way of perceiving our predicaments. Not to change the story but to tell it from a different view. Narrative therapy honors these stories and nonetheless accepts that every perspective is imbued with meaning that family, society, civilization has preordained because the”right” meaning. Existential treatment tends to focus more on the individual stance and with a focus on the”now” instead of the past or future. In turn it assesses limitations and expansiveness. The four main regions of examination within existentialism are meaning (vs. meaninglessness), freedom (vs. confinement), departure (vs. life), and isolation (vs. addition ) (Yalom, 1980). Substance treatment and existential psychotherapy can help fill in the gaps leftover by each other. Adding a past, current, and future tense and to give significance to both as a person and collective stance.
The term significance Has eluded philosophers for centuries. To give it an exact definition has been demonstrated to be nearly impossible. How we use meaning is a thread which runs throughout the majority of the main schools of psychotherapy. The opinion within narrative therapy is that meaning isn’t a given, nothing is imbued with meaning, but rather it is the interpretation of expertise.
“The central concept of The When these roles are made available to other members of society to enter into and play out, the reciprocal interactions are said to be institutionalized. In the process of this institutionalization, meaning is embedded in society. Knowledge and people’s conception (and belief) of what reality is becomes embedded in the institutional fabric of society.”
A more general way of Saying this is that through language, symbols, and interactive dialogue we provide meaning to an adventure. First comes expertise and then experience is filtered through these ethnic transactions which then generates interpretation. Simply because we see the color blue it is only”blue” since that was the assigned significance that has occurred in just a cultural context. A quick formula for meaning in narrative treatment is interpretation plus experience equals significance.
One of Meaning is personally constructed, rather than socially constructed. There are givens such as we are all going to die that we will have to confront. Meaning then is personally constructed in this framework. Since we are going to die at some point in the future what exactly does the present moment mean? This significance is thought to come from the person. We become a more fair or real human being when we admit this constraint but inquire what are we going to do about it? First there’s simply being, as in the current instant, and then from that we create the character.
A Key theoretical movement within narrative treatment is to listen to what’s known as the sparkling moment. Though a customer is relaying the story of what attracted them into the therapist office the therapist is listening to an episode within the story that contradicts the most important narrative. A narrative that tells another image of the preferred way of being, for instance, if a client is telling a story of depression afterward the therapist listens to an event or time that the depression wasn’t current. The notification of the alternate story in narrative therapy is called”re-authoring”. The therapist may help this by additionally evoking what is known as a”remembering” dialog where a significant focus is to the identity of a previous significant other who has helped contribute considerably to the client’s life. This could be a friend, a lover, a parent, a musician, or even an author.
To assist the client along on this Path the therapist should remain de-centered, and non-influential. They are able to achieve it by assisting the customer”thicken” the preferred narrative by encouraging the particulars of what’s being told, instead of having a thin description of an event. For instance, instead of just saying the weather is nice out, ask questions about why the customer thinks it’s nice outside. What is it that the smells, the air, the feel, does it remind them of something, The therapist could do well to bear in mind the abundant history of existential psychotherapy to help thicken the preferred way of being.
Existential psychotherapy has a rich history of being Cognizant of how we utilize what Howard Gardner has called several intelligences. Howard Gardner has proposed a ninth intelligence which is an existential intelligence. The existential intellect would include the ability to be able to question larger issues in life such as death, life, and possible spiritual significance (“Theory of multiple intelligences”, 2009). Narrative therapy also adopts the notion of multiple intelligences even if this is not explicit. This might be via music therapy, composing therapy, or even art treatment. Existential psychotherapy in conjunction with humanistic psychotherapy has historically promoted the idea of the entire self including in the exploratory angle. The therapist comes not from an expert role but rather from an interest from the genuine person or phenomenological approach. So as to be completely present with this approach the intelligence that the customer best works from should be the path of exploration for additional development.
We Are eternally in the temporal today but are always focused on future strategies, anxieties, hopes, or even dreams. Similarly when we are not future focused we are beyond concentrated. Past concentrated on our worries, shame, even our doubts. This tends to be the domain of narrative therapy. That’s linking a string of events via a particular period of time and giving that meaning. Narrative therapy struggles with the second of now. It postulates a center or self as contrasted against the Buddhist concept of the no-self. This stance of itself can be referred by a state of an audience exploring or recalling the storyline. The concept of the no-self contradicts this place and does not have a observer but that is in the rectal today. The idea of presence is today or the getting (like a flower opening up into exactly what it could be). Existential psychotherapy pays tribute to the past and possible future but the chief source of temporal period is that now. While in the period of re-authoring and thickening the storyline within narrative treatment this existential posture could prove to be somewhat informative. It might also be used within the issue saturated period of storytelling. If the client seems stuck on issues of these effects or conclusions of a specific event then inquire what seems like the recent emotions, ideas, scents, etc.. In order to unclog the congestion. Staying at the rectal now there are numerous facets that could be analyzed for example the current kinesthetic experience. This is just one possible means to aid with the issue of being stuck.
Existential psychotherapists tend to narrow in on four They are freedom, death, isolation, and meaninglessness (Yalom, 1980). Each of these realms can be built as being on a continuum. Freedom could have two extreme sides into it. On the 1 end of freedom there would be the complete restraint of any freedom at all. Not having any type of choice like being shackled in a dungeon. The other end would be complete freedom such as is found in libertine philosophies of what goes with no restraints. In order to move, to find relief from our struggles with our psychological illness or anguish, we will need to come to an individual understanding on where we’re on this continuum and where we would love to proceed or what we would like to become. By way of example, if we feel we have too much liberty because of overindulgence with no restraints we may need to move a little with this continuum for more restraint to help us equilibrium. There’s no right or wrong answers but where the person feels is appropriate. To help thicken the preferred way of being within story therapy this concept could appear to be a limit on what meaning is. This meaning being made from the therapist and client, but I assert that if we use it like a map, it can help keep us focused.
This opinion piece is not meant to be a Position that is grounded in a whole theoretical position. The author admits that both narrative treatment and existential psychotherapy both come from very rich philosophical but very different backgrounds. There have been only a few philosophers that have tried to examine the similarities between post-modernism and existentialism. If a person is trying to find connections they can always find, in some little detail, those connections but each doctrine is really a different project entirely. Narrative therapy doesn’t just use postmodernism as a philosophical foundation and existential psychotherapy does not only use a rigorous philosophy of existentialism. Instead these philosophical foundations are an applicable way of utilizing these various therapeutic stances for the usage of attempting to help cure our emotional illnesses. As Foucault said in his last known interview (William V. Spanos, P.153)”For me Heidegger has always been the essential philosopher… My entire philosophical development was determined by my reading of Heidegger.”
What Are some of the potential directions for thickening narrative therapy with existential psychotherapy? First narrative treatment would do nicely to further elaborate what is meant by thickening the preferred story. What exactly does it mean to make this story more real or the most important focus within the grand narratives? There needs to be more philosophical debate about the idea of meaning as both kinds of therapy have as a major emphasis on meaning making but they just come at it from different angles and unique projects. The question might also be asked are these two unique therapies as compatible as this writer suggests they are. Otherwise, why not? And is there a way ahead?
As this story (theoretical placement ) comes to a close it is Important to Keep in Mind These are questions and not absolute truths. The narrative can still be Changed with the addition of subtle detail and also subtracting the distractions. The 1 thing which could be stated is that narrative therapy and existential